The general translation for Terroir is microclimate. It includes the soil, the slope of the hill, the way the wind hits the vines, the angle to the sun, basically it includes everything that makes the grapes grow the way they grow.
As world renowned wine maker Stéphane Ogier states, “For me Terroir is not only the soil. Sometimes we think it’s only the soil. In fact, it’s the exposure, the altitude. Sometimes I think we can even bring the vigneron into the terroir because the way we would work our vines and vineyards will change the expression of the terroir. Terroir is a combination of soil, vines and how these vines are managed by humans.”